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Advantages of laparoscopic surgery

date: 2019-01-07
Views: 34

Laparoscopy is an endoscope for intra-abdominal examination and treatment. It is essentially a fiber source endoscope that includes a laparoscope, an energy system, a light source system, a perfusion system, and an imaging system. In the case of completely painless use in surgical patients, the patient's intra-abdominal condition can be clearly and clearly observed, the pathogenic factors can be understood, and the abnormal condition can be treated surgically. Laparoscopic surgery is also known as 'keyhole' surgery. Using the laparoscopic system technology, the doctor only needs to open a few 'keyhole' type holes around the patient's operation site, and can visualize the patient's body in front of the computer screen without opening the lap, and perform precise surgical operation. It takes a short time and the treatment technology has reached the international advanced level.

The new type of laparoscopic surgery is a modern high-tech medical technology using electronic, optical and other advanced equipment principles to complete the surgery, is a cross-century advancement of traditional laparotomy, it is performed in a closed abdominal cavity: the camera system is in good cold Under the illumination of the light source, the intra-abdominal organs are photographed on the monitoring screen through the laparoscopic body connected to the abdominal cavity. The surgeon monitors and guides the high-tech display and manipulates the surgical instruments outside the abdominal cavity to probe the diseased tissue. , electrocoagulation, hemostasis, tissue separation and incision, suture and other operations. It is a model for the application of high-tech technologies such as electronics, optics and videography in clinical surgery. It has the characteristics of less trauma, less complications, safety and quick recovery. In recent years, surgical laparoscopic surgery has developed rapidly and can be checked simultaneously. Treatment is the most advanced and cutting-edge minimally invasive technology. The role in the treatment of surgical diseases has attracted more and more attention. And it has developed rapidly in the international arena. First, multi-angle 'inspection', the effect is intuitive

Laparoscopy can be checked from different angles and directions without affecting the abdominal organs, and even some deep positions can be seen to achieve the effect of visual inspection, no missed diagnosis, no misdiagnosis.

Second, recovery is fast

Endoscopic surgery is performed in a closed basin and abdominal cavity. The internal environment is subject to little interference. The patient suffers much less trauma than open surgery, and soon returns to health without complications and sequelae.

Third, short hospital stay

The operation is performed by a professional physician, and the treatment can be completed in a short time without affecting the normal physiological function, and the normal life and work can be resumed after the operation.

Fourth, the abdomen beauty effect is good

The traditional operation of the sputum is long-line, affecting the appearance, and the laparoscopic surgery does not leave scars, which is especially suitable for women's beauty needs.

Five, less pelvic adhesions

Minimally invasive technology, no need for surgery, less interference with the pelvic cavity, no gauze and hand-to-tissue contact, few sutures or no sutures. The pelvic cavity is fully flushed during the operation, so the pelvic adhesions of the patients after laparoscopic surgery are far less than those of open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery has the following advantages over traditional surgery:

1. Laparoscopic surgery has less disturbance to the internal organs of the abdominal cavity, avoiding the stimulation and pollution of the abdominal cavity by dust and bacteria in the air and air. During the operation, the electrocautery electrocoagulation operation is the main method. The blood vessels are first condensed and broken, the hemostasis is complete, the bleeding is very rare, the flushing is thorough before the end of the operation, and the abdominal cavity is kept clean.

Therefore, postoperative intestinal function recovery is fast, can be eaten earlier, and the factors of postoperative intestinal adhesion are greatly reduced.

2, laparoscopic surgery is the representative of true minimally invasive surgery, the trauma is greatly reduced, the operation process and postoperative recovery is easy, less pain.

3, can get out of bed early after surgery, sleep posture is relatively random, greatly reducing the intensity of family members accompanying care.

4, the abdominal wall puncture hole is small (3-10mm), scattered and concealed, does not affect the appearance after healing.

5, general anesthesia is generally used, all the monitoring is complete, and the safety is greatly increased.

6, puncture infection is much less than traditional incision infection or fat liquefaction.

7. The abdominal wall puncture hole replaces the abdominal wall incision to avoid the damage of the abdominal wall muscles, blood vessels and corresponding nerves. There is no weak abdominal wall and abdominal wall incision after operation. It will not affect the motor function due to the scarring of the abdominal wall muscle. Severing causes numbness in the corresponding skin. But laparoscopic surgery also has its own shortcomings such as:

1. Laparoscopic equipment is expensive to operate. Re-training of laparoscopic surgery is required, and there are technical requirements for the surgeon.

2. It is difficult to estimate the operation time before surgery. In special cases, it is necessary to change to intraoperative surgery.

3. Laparoscopic surgery increases the risk of surgery in special situations.


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